Medical Art Resources

Restoring Confidence with Lifelike Prosthetics

Restoring Confidence with Lifelike Prosthetics

Terminology

aestheticpleasing in appearance
abutmenta titanium implant component that extends from the implant fixture through the skin surface in order to stabilize an external prosthesis
anaplastologistan allied health care professional who specializes in providing custom-made eye, facial, and somatic prostheses
anaplastologythe art and science of prosthetic restoration of the eye, face, and other parts of the human body
anotiaabsence of the external ear
atresiaabsence of the external ear canal
auricularreferring to the external ear (auricle)
auriculectomysurgical removal or the external ear
bilateralreferring to both sides of the body
bone anchored implanta titanium fixture that is placed into bone and used for the support of prosthetic devices or hearing aids
CCAcertified clinical anaplastologist
congenitalused to describe an unusual condition present at birth
cosmetic surgerysurgery performed to reshape normal structures of the body to improve the patient’s appearance and self-esteem
craniofacialrelated to or involving both the head and the face
digitalpertaining to finger or toe
distalwhen referring to a finger amputation, indicates a level of amputation near the tip
facial prosthesisan artificial substitute for missing or disfigured facial anatomy that restores form and function
Goldenhar Syndromeis a variant of hemifacial microsomia that typically includes underdeveloped ears and defects of the eyes
hemifacial microsomiaa congenital condition affecting one side of the face that may include malformations of the ear and smaller than normal jaw bones
hemifacial prosthesisan artificial substitute for an extensive area of the face and includes the eye and eyelids as well as part or all of the nose, cheek and eyebrow
hyperbaric oxygen therapyinvolves breathing pure oxygen while in a pressurized chamber, with allows for a greater intake of oxygen and promotes healing in the body. It is often used to treat bone and soft tissue damaged by radiation therapy.
maxillofacial prosthodontist-a dental specialist who deals with replacement of teeth and other structures about the mouth and face using artificial means.
microtiaa condition present at birth that describes an underdeveloped external ear
midfacialrelating to the nose and surrounding anatomy
Nager Syndromea rare congenital condition with facial bone abnormalities affecting the eye, cheekbones, lower jaw and palate that typically includes underdeveloped or absent ears
nasalrelating to the nose
ocularrelating to the globe of the eye or eyeball; also refers to an eye prosthesis
ocularistan allied health professional who specializes in prosthetic restoration of the globe of the eye or eyeball.
orbitalrelating to the round cavity in which the eye is located; also refers to a prosthesis that replaces the eye and eyelids as well as other surrounding anatomy.
orbital exenterationthe surgical removal of the entire contents of the orbit: eye; eyelids; muscles of the eye
osseointegrationthe process of bone growing tightly around implanted titanium fixtures, so that they can be used as an anchor for a prosthetic device.
partial facial prosthesisa prosthesis that includes part of the face not associated with a facial feature
prosthesisa device that is an artificial substitute for absent or disfigured anatomy
prostheticsa branch of medicine dealing with the design, production, and use of artificial body parts
reconstructivea surgical procedure or prosthetic device performed or created to correct abnormal structures of the body, caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors, or disease. Reconstructive surgery or prosthetic devices are generally performed or created to improve function, but may also be done to approximate a normal appearance.
rhinectomysurgical removal of the nose
sclerodermaan autoimmune disease in which the skin becomes progressively hard and thickened.
siliconea synthetic rubber material that is biocompatible with variable properties.
somaticrelating to or affecting surface of the body
titaniuma corrosion resistant silvery metallic chemical element whose strength, light weight, and biocompatibility make it the ideal material for implantation into the human body.
Treacher Collins Syndromea congenital condition with facial bone abnormalities including defects of the eye, depressed cheek bones, receding chin, small jaw and underdeveloped ears
upper facial prosthesisan artificial substitute that involves the eye and eyelids as well as the eyebrow or cheek